Amarna


Amarna
   The modern Arabic name el-Amarna or Tell el-Amarna denotes the site of the capital city Akhetaten founded by Akhenaten in Middle Egypt in his year 5 (1348 BC). Akhenaten claimed to have chosen a virgin site to become the new capital, away from the religious intolerance of Thebesand where he was free to pursue the worship of Aten. The site consists of the remains of royal palaces, villas, temples, private dwellings, and a workmen’s village, and the boundaries were marked by a series of stelae. The sculptor Thutmose’s workshop yielded the famous bust of Nefertiti, now in the Berlin Egyptian Museum. Tombsfor officials were cut in the nearby cliffs, and a royal tomb was built for the king. The scenes on the walls are not fully preserved, but one depicts the death of the Princess Meketaten, although the circumstances of her passing are unclear. The city was abandoned by Tutankhamun and used as building material by later rulers, notably Ramesses II. The site was first excavated by Flinders Petrie in 1891–1892 and then a German expedition in 1907 and 1911–1914. The tombs were copied by an expedition of the Egypt Exploration Fund in 1901–1907. In 1921–1936, further excavations were carried out by the British organization, renamed the Egypt Exploration Society, and work was resumed under its auspices in 1977.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Amarna — Ville d Égypte antique Le petit temple d Aton Noms en égyptien ancien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Amarna — Amarna in Hieroglyphen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amarna — Amarna, genauer El Amarna, in Mittelägypten, Ruinenstätte der von Amenophis IV. gegründeten Residenz, woselbst im Winter 1887/88 von Ein gebornen gegen 300 in babylonischer Schrift und zumeist auch babylonischer Sprache geschriebene Tontafeln… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Amarna — Amarna, El , Tell el Amarna, Ruinenstadt in Oberägypten, zwischen Memphis und Theben; hier wurden 1887 Tontafeln mit babylon. Keilschrift gefunden (betreffend die Wechselbeziehungen Ägyptens, Kleinasiens und Mesopotamiens Ende des 15. Jahrh. v.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Amarna — Amarna, Tell el …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Amarna — The site of Amarna (commonly known as el Amarna or incorrectly as Tel el Amarna; see below) (Arabic: العمارنة al ‘amārnah ) is located on the east bank of the Nile River in the modern Egyptian province of Minya, some 58 km (38 miles) south of the …   Wikipedia

  • Amarna — /euh mahr neuh/, adj. (sometimes l.c.) of or pertaining to the period in ancient Egyptian history described on cuneiform tablets (Amarna tablets) that were found in 1887 at Tell el Amarna and contain the correspondence (Amarna letters) from… …   Universalium

  • Amarna — Amạrna,   Tell el Amarna, Ruinenstätte in Mittelägypten am östlichen Nilufer, die ehemalige Residenz Achet Aton (»Horizont der Sonnenscheibe«), von Echnaton (Amenophis IV.) nach Verlassen der bisherigen Residenz Theben im Zuge seiner… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • amarna — əˈmärnə adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Tell el Amarna, ancient station on the Nile river bet. Thebes and Memphis, Egypt : of or belonging to the period of time about 1375 1360 B.C. that is described on the ancient Egyptian… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Amarna — n. period of time from 1352 1336 in which the Egyptian pharaoh Akhenaten ruled and built a city called by his name; site of the ancient Egyptian city Akhenaten, Tell el Amarna …   English contemporary dictionary


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